On this Day in 1943, William L. Dawson was sworn in to office as a United States Representative, representing the state of Illinois. At the age of 56, he won his congressional seat and became the first black congressmen to serve on a Congressional Committee on Government Operations. Dawson was one of the most powerful politicians of his time, serving 27 years in Congress.
In 1970, the Congressional Black Caucus was founded. It is composed of black members of United States Congress. The CBC serves as the catalyst for the economic, educational and social concerns of Black Americans and other minorities as well as the poor.