On December 4, 1906 Alpha Phi Alpha was founded at Cornell university in Ithaca, New York. It was a collegiate Greek fraternity designed for African-American men. Seven founding men recognized the need and importance of brotherhood and unity among their fellow African descendants in the U.S.A. The fraternity also served as a support and study group for black people who faced racial prejudice, both academically and socially at Cornell. Alpha Phi Alpha’s presence increased all over the U.S.A., particularly at historically black colleges and universities. The first alumna chapter was established in 1911. It has dedicated itself to being the voice and vision for people of color, their struggle and their experience from around the world.
In 1909, the Amsterdam News, or the New York Amsterdam News as it was named, was founded. It got its name from the founder, James H. Anderson’s childhood street name. The Amsterdam News served as the leading black weekly newspaper focusing on issues in the black community such as weddings, engagements, births and charity events. In the beginning, it circulated 100,000. By the 1940s, it was one of the leading black newspapers in the country, along with the Pittsburgh Courier, The Afro-American and Chicago Defender. Amsterdam News is still in circulation.
Sources: Alpha Phi Alpha – History